The 1st Infantry Regiment dates back to 1791 when it was designated as "The Second Regiment of Infantry" in New England and is the second oldest unit in the Army. In September, 1791, elements of the 2nd and the original "First Regiment of Infantry", with sizable militia complements, were sent to fight against the Miami indians. The campaign streamers below are as accurate as could be determined via research. A couple of them may not be exact due to coflicting information regarding the inscriptions.
War of 1812
There were 6 campaigns in the war of 1812. The streamer is scarlet with two white stripes with the inscriptions in yellow. Scarlet is used to symbolize the former mother country and the two white stripes symbolize our second successful defense of our homeland against the British in the Revolutionary War.
|Lundy's Lane 1814|
|New Orleans 1814-1815|
There were 10 campaigns in the Mexican War. The streamers are green with a white center stripe. The color green is one of the colors associated with ancient Mexico and the colors green and white appear in the present Mexican tricolor flag. The white center stripe also represents the United states flag.
|Vera Cruz 1847|
There were 25 campaigns in the Civil War. The streamers are equally divided with blue and gray. Units that received campaign credit as a confederate unit use the same ribbon with the colors reversed. Blue refers to Federal Service and gray is indicative of the Confederacy, joined together they represent the unification of the country after the Civil War. The inscriptions are in yellow.
|Mississippi River 1862-1863|
There were 14 Indian Campaigns that covered the period 1790 to 1891. The streamer is red with two black stripes. Red is a sacred color with all Indians and is usually considered symbolic of strength and success. The color red, symbolic of war, is also a symbol of day and the Sun god. The color black, symbolic of death and mourning, is also a symbol of night and the Underworld god. Inscriptions are in yellow.
|Miami 1790-1795|| |
|Creeks 1836-1837|| |
|Seminoles 1835-1842|| |
|Black Hawk 1832|| |
|Apaches 1885-1886|| |
|Pine Ridge 1890-1891|| |
|Texas 1850|| |
There were three campaigns during the Spanish American war in 1898. The Spanish Campaign ribbon is yellow with two blue stripes. The color yellow was suggested by the field of the Spanish flag. The two blue stripes of the streamer refer to the Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean Sea) and the Pacific Ocean (Philippine Sea). The three yellow portions of the ribbon allude to Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippine Islands, the areas of the conflict. The inscriptions are in scarlet.
|Santiago 1898|| |
There were 11 campaigns during the Philippine Insurrection between 1899 and 1913. The Philippine Campaign ribbon is blue with two red stripes. The colors blue and red were suggested by the field of the Philippine flag. The two red stripes of the ribbon refer to the Filipino insurrectionists and the United States Army. The blue indicates service overseas and also as our national color alludes to the United States support of Filipino independence. The iscriptions are in gold.
|Samar 1901|| |
World War II
There were 21 campaigns in the Asiatic Pacific Theater. The Asiatic Pacific Campaign streamer is yellow with a narrow blue, white and red center stripe and a narrow white, red and white stripe on each side. The yellow color represents Asia; the blue, white, and red stripes taken from the American Defense Medal refer to the continuance of American Defense after Pearl Harbor. The red and white stripes are the Japanese colors. Inscriptions are in dark blue.
|New Guinea 1943-1944 (with arrowhead)|
|Luzon 1944-1945 (with arrowhead)|
There were 17 campaigns for Vietnam service during the period 1962 - 1973. The Vietnam Service streamer is yellow with three red stripes through the center. It has a green stripe on each side. The yellow with red stripes was suggested by the flag of the Republic of Vietnam. The green alludes to the jungle.Inscriptions are in white.
|Counteroffensive, Phase II,1965-1966|
|Counteroffensive, Phase III, 1967-1968|
|Tet Counteroffensive 1968|
|Counteroffensive, Phase IV 1968|
|Counteroffensive, Phase V 1968|
|Counteroffensive, Phase VI 1968-1969|
|Tet 69/Counteroffensive 1969|
|Sanctuary Counteroffensive 1970|
|Counteroffensive, Phase VII|
Operation Iraqi Freedom
The streamer has eleven stripes (scarlet, white, green, white, black, chamois, black, white, green, white and scarlet). The ribbon reflects the colors of the Iraq flag. Green is the traditional color for Islam. Red honors the fighting courage for the pursuit of freedom. White denotes generosity and black exemplifies Islam’s success.
|IRAQ 2005-2006|| |
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